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How to Make Masala Chai from Scratch

See how to make traditional masala chai with this easy spiced milk tea recipe. All you need are a few whole spices, black tea and milk.
homemade masala chai

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Masala Chai (Spiced Milk Tea)

Masala chai is a warm spiced milk tea from India.

Like many Americans, my first time hearing about chai and tasting it was at Starbucks. And to this day, a sweet and spicy Starbucks chai tea latte is one of my favorite hot tea drinks to order.

Of course, it’s easy to replicate a hot or iced chai tea latte at home with store-bought chai black tea concentrate. But if you’ve got a few minutes to crush several spices, you really should try making this authentic masala chai recipe.

It’s so easy, and if you’re like me, you’ll wonder why on Earth you never made chai from scratch before.

masala chai spices cinnamon, cardamom, allspice, whole cloves, black peppercorns, fennel, ginger
Whole spices used to make masala chai

What is Masala Chai?

In a word, masala chai is delicious.

Also called spiced milk tea, masala chai is an infusion of black tea, whole spices, sugar, milk and water that originated in the Indian subcontinent.

As you can imagine, this hot tea drink is rich, warm and comforting.

Made with spices like cinnamon, cloves, green cardamom, pepper and ginger, this spiced milk tea is the perfect drink to snuggle up with on a cool day.

two cups of masala chai with ground cinnamon on top
Homemade masala chai topped with a sprinkling of cinnamon

Interestingly, there’s not a single recipe for spiced milk tea. In fact, there are numerous variations, similar to how there are lots of recipes for apple pie.

In fact, the proportions of warming spices, as well as which spices are part of the spice mixture (karha), varies by region, family and taste preference.

Additionally, the method of preparation varies, as well. For instance, some may add all the ingredients at once, then boil, strain and serve, while others prefer a longer simmer.

No matter the recipe or preparation method, chai wallahs (Indian tea vendors) are commonplace along the roadsides throughout India.

chai masala and black tea
Spices and tea ready to make masala chai

Spiced Milk Tea Ingredients

The dominant flavor notes in traditional chai masala (tea spice) are ginger and cardamom. Additional spices may be added for flavor and spiciness.

Common Masala Chai Spices

  • Ground Ginger
  • Green Cardamom Pods
  • Cinnamon Sticks
  • Whole Cloves
  • Black Peppercorn
  • Nutmeg
  • Fennel Seeds
  • Star Anise
  • Vanilla
  • Whole Allspice (in place of cinnamon and cloves)
  • Crystallized Ginger
  • Grated or Sliced Ginger Root
masala chai whole spices and mortar and pestle: cinnamon sticks, allspice, cloves, cardamom, black peppercorns, fennel, crystallized ginger
It’s best to use course-ground whole spices to make masala chai.

Common Masala Chai Sweeteners

  • White Sugar
  • Brown Sugar
  • Coconut Sugar
  • Syrup
  • Honey
  • Jaggery

Traditional spiced milk tea is a very sweet tea drink. Often, a tablespoon or more of sugar is added per cup!

Luckily, the decision to add sweetener or not can be left up to the drinker.

Type of Tea in Masala Chai

  • Assam
  • Ceylon

Masala chai is a black tea beverage. As such, it contains caffeine.

Importantly, be sure to use a strong black tea such as Assam or Ceylon so the flavor of the tea doesn’t get lost in the milk and spices.

Keep in mind, traditional masala chai uses loose black tea. However, you can make it with tea bags, as well. You just might need to use more than usual.

davids breakfast blend black tea, ginger root and spices
DavidsTea Breakfast Blend (black tea from Ceylon, Sri Lanka and Assam, India) is a good choice for homemade spiced milk tea

Are Masala Chai and a Starbucks Chai Tea Latte the Same Drink?

Simply put, a Starbucks chai tea latte is an Americanized masala chai.

Even the name, chai tea latte, is adapted for our Western culture. I say this because the translation of the word chai, is literally tea.

In other words, chai tea latte is redundant (tea tea latte). Weird, right?

Beyond, the name, however, you’re probably wondering if a Starbucks chai tea latte is the same thing as an authentic masala chai.

And the bottom line is, while the two tea drinks share similar flavors and ingredients, they are not really the same.

The main difference is that a chai latte is a combination of chai concentrate and steamed milk, whereas the tea and spices in a masala chai are steeped directly into the milk.

Don’t get me wrong; both are delicious, but in fact, the preparation methods are different.

cups of masala chai with cinnamon on top

How to Make Spiced Milk Tea at Home

To make homemade masala chai from scratch, you need to crush the whole spices. However, a course-grind is all that’s necessary.

To accomplish this, you need a mortar and pestle or spice grinder. Personally, I find that a mortar and pestle is the perfect tool.

On the other hand, an electric grinder is useful when making a large batch of homemade chai powder mix.

Of course, you can always use a rolling pin or the back side of a heavy pan.

course-ground spices to make masala chai recipe
Course-ground chai masala

Here are the basic steps I take to make a cup of spiced milk tea.

  • Crush the spices
  • Bring the water and spices to a boil, then steep for several minutes
  • Add black tea and sugar; stir to dissolve sugar
  • Pour in milk, bring back to a boil, then simmer for several minutes
  • Pour milk tea through a fine mesh strainer or sieve directly into cup
how to make masala chai recipe at home with spices, milk and black tea
Homemade masala chai (black tea, milk and spices)

Recall, people use different preparation methods. For instance, you can put everything in the pan at once.

I find, this is one of those recipes where you find what works and tastes best for you. For example, since I like the chai spices to be bold and the tea to not be bitter, I steep the chai spices alone at first.

If you’re not familiar with how to make black tea delicious every time, a quick tip is that the longer you steep it, the more tannins are released and the more bitter it becomes.

In other words, the key to a stronger cup of tea is to use more tea, not add more time.

Therefore, my preference is to add the black tea the last half of making my masala chai.

I do think it’s a good idea to experiment with different spices and proportions since we all have different taste preferences.

I think you’ll find that my recipe is a real good starting point that can easily be adapted to what you like. Enjoy!

Homemade Masala Chai Recipe

homemade masala chai

Masala Chai from Scratch

Yield: 20 ounces

Easy and delicious homemade masala chai recipe.

Ingredients

  • 2 cups filtered water
  • 1 cup milk
  • 3 teaspoons black tea
  • 3 teaspoons sugar
  • 1 Cinnamon Stick
  • 4 Green Cardamom Pods
  • 4 Whole Cloves
  • 8 Black Peppercorns
  • 3 slices ginger root

Instructions

  1. Crush whole spices using a mortar and pestle. It's not necessary to grind them into fine pieces or a powder. This allows the large pieces to be easily strained from the tea.
  2. Add water to a pot and bring to a boil.
  3. Add spices and ginger root to the water and let it simmer for at least 5 minutes.
  4. Next, add the black tea and sugar to the pot and stir until sugar is dissolved. Then, pour in the milk.
  5. Return the masala chai mixture to a boil, then reduce to a simmer for 5 minutes. Or, bring it to a boil and lift the pot off the stove each time the bubbling milk tea gets close to the top of the pot. Once the bubbles subside,, return the pot to the stove and repeat this process several times.
  6. When the masala chai is ready, pour it into mugs through a sieve or fine mesh strainer to catch the spices.
  7. Top with freshly grated cinnamon if desired.

Notes

Spice Variations: Vary amount and type of spices according to personal preference.

Suggested Tea: Use loose black tea like Assam or Ceylon. Tea bags can be substituted, but use more than normal to make strong tea.

Yield: The loose tea will expand and absorb some liquid. This recipe produces about 2 1/2 cups of masala chai.

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